Census of India

Census of India The following is the data from Census of India for the year 2001:
Area of India : 3,287,240 Sq km

  • Largest State : Rajasthan : 342,239 Sq km

  • Smallest State : Goa : 3,702 Sq km

  • Largest Union Territory : Andaman & Nicobar Islands : 8,249 Sq km

  • Smallest Union Territory : Lakshadweep : 32 Sq km

  • Largest District : Kachchh (Gujarat) : 45,652 Sq km

  • Smallest District : Mahe ( Pondicherry ) : 9 Sq km



  • Administrative Divisions :

  • No. of States : 28

  • No. of Union Territories : 7

  • No. of Districts : 593

  • No. of Sub-districts : 5,463

  • No. of CD Blocks : 3,799

  • No. of Urban Agglomerations / Towns : 4,378

  • No. of Urban Agglomerations : 384

  • No. of Towns : 5,161

  • No. of Inhabited Villages : 593,731

  • No. of Uninhabited Villages : 44,656



[caption id="attachment_551" align="alignnone" width="490" caption="India-Literacy-Rate-1901-20"]India-Literacy-Rate-1901-20[/caption]


Population of India

India is the second most populous country in the world after China and is expected in the year 2050, it will surpass China and India will become the most populous country of the world. According to the Census of India, the data for the year 2001 was as follows:

  • Total Persons : 1,028,737,436

  • Males : 532,223,090

  • Females : 496,514,346




The state with highest population was Uttar Pradesh with 166,197,921 and the state having lowest population was Sikkim with 540,851.
The Union Territory with highest population was Delhi with 13,850,507 and the Union Territory with lowest population was Lakshadweep with 60,650.
The district with highest population was Medinipur (West Bengal) with 9,610,788 and the district with lowest population was Yanam (Pondicherry) with 31,394.

Population Density

  • State with Highest Population Density : West Bengal : 903

  • State with Lowest Population Density : Arunachal Pradesh : 13

  • UT with Highest Population Density : Delhi : 9,340

  • UT with Lowest Population Density : Andaman & Nicobar Islands : 43

  • District with Highest Population Density : North East (Delhi) : 29,468

  • District with Lowest Population Density : Lahul & Spiti (Himachal Pradesh) : 2



  • Rural - Urban Distribution : Population : (%)

  • Rural : 742,490,639 : 72.2%

  • Urban : 286,119,689 : 27.8%

  • State with highest proportion of Urban Population : Goa : 49.76

  • State with lowest proportion of Urban Population : Himachal Pradesh : 9.30

  • UT with highest proportion of Urban Population : Delhi : 93.18

  • UT with lowest proportion of Urban Population : Dadra & Nagar Haveli : 22.89



  • Sex Ratio

  • Sex ratio (females per thousand males)
  • India : 933

  • Rural : 946

  • Urban : 900

  • Urban : 900

  • State with Highest Female Sex Ratio : Kerala : 1,058

  • State with Lowest Female Sex Ratio : Haryana : 861

  • UT with Highest Female Sex Ratio : Pondicherry : 1001

  • UT with Lowest Female Sex Ratio : Daman & Diu : 710

  • District with Highest Female Sex Ratio : Mahe (Pondicherry) : 1147

  • District with Lowest Female Sex Ratio : Daman (Daman & Diu) : 591


Broad Age Groups

  • Age Groups : Persons : Males : Females

  • 6 years and below : 163,819,614 : 84,999,203 : 78,820,411

  • Proportion to total population (%) : 15.9 : 16.0 : 15.9

  • 7 to 14 years : 199,791,198 : 104,488,119 : 95,303,079

  • Proportion to total population (%) : 19.4 : 19.6 : 19.2

  • 15 to 59 years : 585,638,723 : 303,400,561 : 2,882,238,162

  • Proportion to total population (%) : 56.9 : 57.0 : 56.9

  • 60 years and above : 76,622,321 : 37,768,327 : 38,853,994

  • Proportion to total population (%) : 7.5 : 7.1 : 7.8

  • Age Not Stated : 2,738,472 : 1,500,562 : 1,237,910

  • Proportion to total population (%) : 0.3 : 0.3 : 0.3


Population Since 1901

  • Variation in population since 1901

  • Year : Total : Rural : Urban

  • 1901 : 238,396,327 : 212,544,454 : 25,851,873

  • 1911 : 252,093,390 : 226,151,757 : 25,941,633

  • 1921 : 251,321,213 : 223,235,043 : 28,086,170

  • 1931 : 278,977,238 : 245,521,249 : 33,455,989

  • 1941 : 318,660,580 : 274,507,283 : 44,153,297

  • 1951 : 361,088,090 : 298,644,381 : 62,443,709

  • 1961 : 439,234,771 : 360,298,168 : 78,936,603

  • 1971 : 548,159,652 : 439,045,675 : 109,113,977

  • 1981 : 683,329,097 : 523,866,550 : 159,462,547

  • 1991 : 846,302,688 : 628,691,676 : 217,611,012

  • 2001 : 1,028,737,436 : 742,490,639 : 286,119,689


Institutional and Houseless Population

  • Population : Urban/Rural : Persons : Percentage to Total Population (%)

  • Houseless Population : Total : 1,943,766 : 1.00

  • Houseless Population : Rural : 1,165,167 : 0.85

  • Houseless Population : Urban : 778,599 : 1.39

  • Institutional Population : Total : 7,802,866 : 4.03

  • Institutional Population : Rural : 4,044,152 : 2.94

  • Institutional Population : Urban : 3,758,714 : 6.73


Number of Literates & Literacy Rate

  • Rural/Urban : No. : Persons : Males : Females

  • Total : No. of literates : 560,687,797 : 336,533,716 : 224,154,081

  • Total : Literacy rate : 64.8% : 75.3% : 53.7%

  • Rural : No. of literates : 361,870,817 : 223,551,641 : 138,319,176

  • Rural : Literacy rate : 58.7% : 70.7% : 46.1%

  • Urban : No. of literates : 198,816,980 : 112,982,075 : 85,834,905

  • Rural : Literacy rate : 79.9% : 86.3% : 72.9%

  • State/UT : Persons (%) : Males (%) : Females (%)

  • State with Highest Literacy Rate : Kerala (90.9) : Kerala (94.2) : Kerala (87.7)

  • State with Lowest Literacy Rate : Bihar (47.0) : Bihar (59.7) : Bihar (33.1)

  • UT with Highest Literacy Rate : Lakshadweep (86.7) : Lakshadweep (92.5) : Lakshadweep (80.5)

  • UT with Lowest Literacy Rate : Dadra & Nagar Haveli (57.6) : Dadra & Nagar Haveli (71.2) : Dadra & Nagar Haveli (40.2)

  • District with Highest Literacy Rate : Aizwal, Mizoram (96.5) : Mahe, Pondicherry (97.6) : Aizwal, Mizoram (96.26)

  • District with Lowest Literacy Rate : Dantewada Tripura (30.17) : Dantewada Tripura (39.75) : Shrawasti UP (7.7)

  • Number of Districts by Sex-wise Literacy Rate :

  • Literacy Rate : Males : Females

  • Up to 25.00 % : -- : 18

  • 25.01 % to 50.00 % : 22 : 243

  • 50.01% to 75.00 % : 244 : 287

  • Above 75 % : 327 : 45

  • Total : 593 : 593


Work Participation Rate :

  • Total Workers : Number : Rate(%)

  • Persons : 402,234,724 : 39.1

  • Males : 275,014,476 : 51.7

  • Females : 127,220,248 : 25.6

  • Main Workers

  • Persons : 313,004,983 : 30.4

  • Males : 240,147,813 : 45.1

  • Females : 72,857,170 : 14.7

  • Marginal Workers

  • Persons : 89,229,741 : 8.7

  • Males : 34,866,663 : 6.6

  • Females : 54,363,078 : 11



  • Religious Composition : Population : (%)

  • Hindus : 827,578,868 : 80.5

  • Muslims : 138,188,240 : 13.4

  • Christians : 24,080,016 : 2.3

  • Sikhs : 19,215,730 : 1.9

  • Buddhists : 7,955,207 : 0.8

  • Jains : 4,225,053 : 0.4

  • Other Religions & Persuasions : 6,639,626 : 0.6

  • Religion not stated : 727,588 : 0.1

  • Total : 1,028,610,328 : 100.0


Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes Population:

  • Scheduled Castes : 166,635,700 : 16.2%

  • Scheduled Tribes : 84,326,240 : 8.2%
      Scheduled Castes
    • State with highest proportion of Scheduled Castes : Punjab ( 28.9 %)

    • State with lowest proportion of Scheduled Castes : Mizoram ( 0.03 %)

    • UT with highest proportion of Scheduled Castes : Chandigarh (17.5%)

    • UT with lowest proportion of Scheduled Castes : D & N Haveli (1.9% )

    • District with highest proportion of Scheduled Castes : Koch-Bihar (50.1%)

    • District with lowest proportion of Scheduled Castes : Lawngtlai Mizoram (0.01%)
        Scheduled Tribes
      • State with highest proportion of Scheduled Tribes : Mizoram ( 94.5 % )

      • State with lowest proportion of Scheduled Tribes : Goa (0.04 %)

      • UT with highest proportion of Scheduled Tribes : Lakshadweep (94.5 %)

      • UT with lowest proportion of Scheduled Tribes : A & N Islands (8.3 %)

      • District with highest proportion of Scheduled Tribes : Sarchhip, Mizoram ( 98.1%)

      • District with lowest proportion of Scheduled Tribes : Hathras, Uttar Pradesh (0.01%)






Source:Census of India