Gaur

Gaur is an endangered species of Indian bison found in South and Southeast Asia and has  been listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. There has been a drastic decline in population to the range of 70% spread over three generations since 1986.

Scientific Name of Gaur


Bos gaurus

Features and Facts of Gaur



  • Gaurs are 250-360 centimeters in length

  • Tail is 70-100 centimeters

  • Weighs 1,000-1,500 kilos

  • Body color is dark brown with horns found in both sexes

  • Herds wander 2-5 kms each day

  • Feed on a wide variety of plants

  • Critically Endangered

  • World's largest species of wild cattle apart from being the heaviest and the most powerful


Gaur conservation


Human interference has destroyed the natural habitat of Gaur turning them from diurnal to nocturnal. Incessant poaching for commercial trade in Gaur meat is a threat.  Gaurs are legally protected in all countries. There have also been successful cloning attempts.

 
Endangered species in India

Critically Endangered - Ganges Shark | Pygmy Hog | Himalayan Wolf | Indian Vulture

Endangered - Asiatic Black Bear | Snow Leopard | Wild Cat | Sei Whale | Banteng | Asian Arowana | Red Panda | Loggerhead Sea Turtle | Asiatic Lion | Royal Bengal Tiger | Markhor | Fin Whale | Olive Ridley Turtle | Lion Tailed Macaque | Chiru | Indus River Dolphin

Vulnerable - Takin | Brown Bear | Humpback Whale | Slow Loris | Clouded Leopard | Tiger | Gaur | Goral | Mouflon | Fishing Cat | Sloth Bear | Blackbuck | Asiatic Golden Cat | Wild Yak | Barasingha | Wild Goat | Indian Wolf | Dhole | Dugong | Indian Fox | Sperm Whale | Ganges River Dolphin | Lesser Panda | Golden Jackal | Marbled Cat

Threatened - Indian Wild Ass | Leopard | Red Fox | Kashmiri Stag