Education in India

[caption id="attachment_655" align="alignleft" width="306" caption="Pranitha and Fauzia, a Hindu girl and a Muslim girl, at Kalleda Rural School in 2004. Four years later, Pranitha went to the Beijing Olympics on the Indian archery team, and Fauzia was hired to her first job, with the Transportation Division of General Electric, Hyderabad."]Education in India[/caption]

Education plays a great role in developing a nation and India is set to become the knowledge destination of the world. There are education loans available for higher studies. All banks whether nationalized or private, provide loans to students for studies in India as well as abroad. The students going in for higher studies abroad found the loans a profitable option as it would cater to their needs abroad like cost for staying and living abroad as well as the cost of the studies they are pursuing.

India’s famous ancient university, the Nalanda university in Bihar is known worldwide for stepping into the path of providing education and learning. Today, the growth in education has led to increase in the birth of numerous universities in India, the famous ones being the Delhi University, Guru Gobind Singh University, Indraprastha University, Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) and the more professional institutes like the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and the Indian Institute of Management (IIM).

The regulation of the Universities and the educational institutes are maintained by the Education Ministry of India.

The stages in education for studies in India not only lead to a person’s individual growth but also play a big role in the overall personality development. The Indian education system is divided into the following stages:

  • Nursery

  • Primary

  • Higher Secondary

  • Senior Secondary

  • Graduation

  • Post Graduation

The education in the school, is first imparted to a child through the nursery classes and then the child goes to the primary classes. After that, higher secondary classes are to be passed like the 10th board commonly being conducted by the prestigious Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE).

Most of the schools in India are Co-educational meaning the boys as well as the girls are taught in the same school, although there are also boys only and girls only schools. These education boards prescribe and update the syllabi and norms of examinations, conduct public examinations for students all over India at the end of class 10 and 12 under its 10+2 system of education in addition to issuing respective marksheets and certificates to the students.

Senior secondary classes like the 11th and the 12th class is then passed by the students. So, for getting education in a school, a student has to go through the nursery classes as well as the classes from 1st to 12th. There are also open schools for the same purpose. The school appoints teachers for teaching the students. A teacher can only become a teacher after they have passed the DIET exam, the B.Ed exam and the JBT exam. In the early days, the teacher was known as a “guru” and they were highly talented in the fields. The parents at that time, mostly send their children to the “gurukul” or the “school” for their studies. The India’s famous epics like the Vedas, Upanishads, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata do tell these stories.

|| Gurur Bramha Gurur Vishnu Gurur Devo Maheshwara Gurur Saakshaat Parabramha Tasmai Sri Guruve Namah || The above is a traditional prayer in India for the guru (the teacher who is considered as of the same status as of God.) It means the trinity of the Lord-Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, and says that the Lord dwells within the Guru, who is also Lord.

The school education till 12th is considered the basic education for the students. Graduation and post-graduation studies are being conducted through Universities. The graduation is a 3 year degree course. There are various options available for these like the BA, BCom, Bsc., and the more professional courses like the BscIT, BCA etc. There is also distance education available through some of the Deemed Universities. After the graduation, the post-graduation is of 2 years and the options can be MCA, Msc., MCom, MA, PhD. to name a few. The students choose among a variety of different fields available like the Engineering and technology, medicine, law, teaching, agriculture etc. There are many universities that have come up but students are advised to take admission only in the govt. affiliated universities and the university that has been accredited by the central govt. setup University Grants Commission(UGC). The technical education standard is regulated and maintained by the All India Council for Technical Education(AICTE) that was set up in 1945. AICTE plans, formulates standards through accreditation, funding in particular colleges and also monitors and evaluates coordination in management of technical education in India.

Some of the professional courses are the Chartered Accountant(CA) and the Company Secretary(CS). For these type of courses, special institutes have been setup by the government. The course material is supplied by these respective institutes. Some students also take the specialized coaching in the private institutes.

The aim of the Indian govt. has been to impart cost-effective education to all with special emphasis to the education of the girl child. Some Mid-Day Meal (MDM) Schemes are also run by the govt. The scheme of providing free education from class VI to class XII to every single girl child is already being run by the govt. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is Government of India's programme and effort for achievement of Universalization of Elementary Education (UEE) making free and compulsory Education to the Children of 6-14 years age group, a Fundamental Right. Its being implemented in partnership with State Governments.

Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan(RMSA) is a programme to provide upper primary level (elementary) education to every child in the country, (8th to 12th standard). This will also ensure universal access to education for all children by 2015 and universal retention by 2020.

More IITs are being opened in different states with investment of crores of rupees to cater to the needs of the students. These technology institutes provide the finest education to the students.

If compared to any country of the world, the literacy level in India is the highest. Kerala is the state having the highest number of literate persons in India.