India is an agricultural country where farmers take care of the agricultural fields. Because of their hard labour, millions of people today depend upon the farmers. The agriculture act as a backbone for the other industries and businesses and this leads to nation’s prosperity and progress. Agriculture is the foundation stone of India’s diverse economy, the agricultural sector being the largest in the economy. Some of India’s agricultural goods that are exported and enjoyed by millions the world over straight from the farmers land are tea, sugar, spices, wheat, rice and tobacco etc. to name a few.
Sixty percent of India’s population depends on the agriculture. So, one can know how it contributes to the society as a whole. The green revolution led to an increase in India’s wheat production in 1970s.
Increase in agricultural production can be attributed to the fact that more area has been brought under cultivation, the irrigation facilities have seen an extension, and today better techniques of water management and plant care are being taken care of. This has led to self-sufficiency in the food production. The govt. has also made a public distribution system popularly known as PDS System where people below poverty line are given rice, wheat and other farm products at subsidized rates. The central govt. helps the state govt. in financing schemes for the agriculture.
The monsoons, however, play a critical role in Indian agriculture in determining whether the harvest will be bountiful, average, or poor in any given year. One of the objectives of government policy in the early 1990s was to find methods of reducing this dependence on the monsoons.