The Ministry of Environment & Forests is responsible for the planning, promotion, co-ordination and overseeing the implementation of environmental and forestry programmes. The conservation of India’s natural resources including lakes and rivers, biodiversity, survey of flora, fauna, forests and wildlife, ensuring the welfare of its animals, prevention and control of pollution, afforestation and regeneration of degraded areas, protection of environment are the primary concerns for the govt. of India.
Some of the policies run by the govt. of India in saving the environment and forests include National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development, 1992, National River Policy-1988, a Policy Statement on Abatement of Pollution-1992, and National Environment Policy-2006.
[caption id="attachment_702" align="aligncenter" width="490" caption="Western Ghats near Rajapalayam"][/caption]
The environmental legislation by the govt. of India includes the Public Liability Insurance Act, the National Environment Appellate Authority Act and the National Environment Tribunal Act.
The Forest policy of the govt. aims at environmental stability through preservation and restoration of ecological balance, conserving natural heritage, check on soil erosion and extension of sand dunes, afforestation, efficient utilization of forest products and most importantly involving rural people in the campaign. Forest schemes run by the govt. includes Integrated Forest Protection Scheme (IFPS).
The conservation of wildlife is being covered under the National Wildlife Action Plan (NWAP). Project Tiger renamed to National Tiger Conservation Authority is one of the popular schemes launched in 1973 for the conservation of tigers and now there are 28 tiger reserves in India after the successful implementation of the project.
Project Elephant launched in 1992 provides for the provisions for the financial, technical and scientific assistance to different states for the survival of wild elephants.
The Animal Welfare Division under the Ministry of Environment and Forests takes adequate care to prevent the suffering of animals. It effectively implements the various provisions of prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act.