India has a diverse health sector and many forms of traditional as well as modern health medications exists. According to the Constitution of India, health is the primary responsibility of the states and national public health programmes having high social returns are financed by the Union Govt.
Indian govt. has taken adequate measures like providing access to effective and affordable health care for the people so that their quality of life can be enhanced which will enable them to lead a healthy productive life.
The health policy of the Indian govt. ensures social justice , equity and distribution of health services to all, with emphasis on the less privileged people. It promotes and strengthens a medically rational, culturally acceptable, cost-effective, rehabilitative and economically sustainable health care system in the country. It also supports voluntary efforts through formation and strengthening of more healthcare developmental initiatives.
[caption id="attachment_708" align="alignright" width="343"] Community education (by AIIMS students) about mosquito-borne illnesses in Delhi.[/caption]
The Indian govt. advocates people-centered policies for dynamic health planning and programme management in India with initiating and supporting innovative health and development programmes at the grassroots with the active participation of the people. A responsive public health sector and responsible private sector with accountability and quality service is ensured by the govt.
The primary objective of the Govt. of India is to make health a reality for the people of India by promoting community health, social justice & human rights related to the provision and distribution of health care services in India. It tries to achieve these goals through campaigns, policy research, advocacy, training, media and parliament interventions, publications and audio visuals, imparting of information and running of health and development projects in difficult areas.
The health ministry works for people centered policies and their effective implementation. It provides information for the general public on important health and development issues for evolving a sustainable health movement in the country and developing communication strategies aimed at promoting campaigns and health education with due emphasis on its rich health and cultural heritage.
The Effective Networking with Government, UN and voluntary organizations.
Not only the state govt. responds to disasters and calamities but in times of emergency and need, it also network and collaborates effectively with the Union Govt., UN and voluntary organizations.
The National Family Welfare Programme launched by India in 1951 was started with the objective of "reducing the birth rate to the extent necessary to stabilise the population at a level consistent with the requirement of the National economy”. Implemented as a 100% Centrally sponsored programme, "The Family Welfare Programme in India is recognised as a priority area as been mentioned in the Constitution of India", family planning is in the concurrent list.
The Union Govt. focuses on reorganization and restructuring of the existing health infrastructure at primary, secondary and tertiary levels to reduce inequities and regional imbalances in the health sector by delegating powers to local bodies. National Rural Health Mission that was launched sometime back calls for a holistic approach to health development, supported by relevant human resource capacities, convergence and integration, and public-private partnerships. The scheme aims at promoting equity, serving the underprivileged, and empowering communities in a sustainable and effective manner. India is striving hard to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.
Mixed progress has been made among different states in reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health as the maternal and child health issues are significant.