India has seen an impressive growth in agriculture and self-sufficiency in grain production. Almost 33% of India’s population depends on agriculture. It is the single largest contributor to the Gross Domestic Product. India is a country of villages and many villages are facing a crunch of socio-economic development. Through five-year plans, living standard of the rural masses has been a paramount concern for the govt. of India. There has been a progressive increase in the allocation of resources for implementation of poverty alleviation programs for the poor.
For increasing the growth of agriculture, the govt. has planned several programs for the benefit of rural development in India.The Ministry of Rural Development in India formulates policies, regulations and acts pertaining to the development of the rural sector. Agriculture, handicrafts, fisheries, poultry, and diary are some of the basic contributors to the rural business and economy.
India’s rural development program constitutes the basic infrastructure facilities for the rural population including schools, health facilities, roads, drinking water, electrification, telecommunication etc. Schemes for the promotion of rural industry for increasing agriculture productivity and providing rural employment have been designed and implemented. For the rural connectivity, rural roads are being constructed and upgraded under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY). The road network will lead to more employment opportunities for the rural people, access to market and health, education and other public services thereby accelerating the pace of economic growth in rural areas. Under the schemes of Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY), Rural Water Supply Programme (RWSP) and Central Rural Sanitation Campaign (CRSC), basic amenities for housing, drinking water and toilets are provided to enhance the welfare of rural population. Individual families are given assistance who are living below poverty line by providing productive resources through credit and subsidy. Bharat Nirman program is a time bound action plan for development of rural infrastructure.
Wage employment is provided in rural areas under the schemes of National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA), Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY) and National Food for Work Programme (NFWP). Under the scheme of Swranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY), the self employment help is provided. These schemes also ensure creation of durable assets in rural areas.