Saturday, September 25, 2010

Indian Government

[caption id="attachment_680" align="alignright" width="343" caption="Rashtrapati Bhawan illuminated on 26-29 Jan, every year on occasion of Indian Republic Day Anniversary."]Rashtrapati Bhawan illuminated[/caption]

India is a "Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic" with a parliamentary system of government. Officially referred to as Union government / Central government, the Govt. of India was established by the Constitution of India. Seated in New Delhi, the Republic of India is a collective union of 28 states and 7 union territories.

India has a parliamentary system of govt. based on the westminister system of the United Kingdom. The separation of powers has been concentrated in executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The Constitution of India, 1950 has been in force till now with many acts amended. Parliament is the legislature consisting of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. The Lok Sabha often called as the “House of the People” or the “lower house” is directly elected and has 545 members whereas the Rajya Sabha often called as "Council of States" or the “upper house” is appointed by president and indirectly-elected by state and has 250 members. Supreme court is the highest court of India and all states have high courts.

The State governors are appointed by the President and the Chief Minister is a member of the popularly elected state assembly.In the case of emergency, the state can be controlled by the President often called as President’s rule on the recommendation of the governor.

India is termed as the World’s largest democracy with the strong electoral population it has. India was dominated most of the time by the Indian national Congress since it got independence and sometimes through coalition govts. and  minority parties. The Indian govt. provides education, housing, hospitals, employment, policing for its citizens. Because of the large number of welfare and development activities the govt. provides, India is also called the “welfare state” providing welfare for all irrespective of caste and creed.

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