Saturday, September 25, 2010

Military of India

[caption id="attachment_669" align="alignright" width="314" caption="Indian soldiers stand at attention during a wreath ceremony in which U.S. Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates placed a wreath at the India Gate Memorial in New Delhi, India. The soldiers are from the Assam Regiment as can be seen from the shoulder badge of the leading soldier."]Assam-regiment-soldiers from Indian Army[/caption]

The President of India is the supreme commander of the armed forces. India has the world’s third largest armed forces. Recruitment to any wing of the armed forces is done through military academies including the National Defence Academy, Indian Military Academy and Officers Training Academy.
For getting admission in any of these academies, one has to show their caliber in the examinations conducted by these military academies and should be fit mentally and physically. India is among a handful of nations with nuclear weapons technology and India possesses many nuclear warheads which can be deployed at a short notice. The Indian military has sufficient nuclear weapons in terms of missiles and aircraft which can be delivered over longer distances.

As the roots of India’s culture is so strong, no country states the policy of what India states “nuclear weapons no-first-use” and no-use against non-nuclear nations. India has stayed away from signing the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) because it does nothing in for complete nuclear disarmament and as it also biased with countries already established nuclear powers and countries almost starting or becoming nuclear power.

Indian Armed Forces has been divided into the following branches:

  • Indian Army –The Indian Army is one of the world’s largest army in terms of manpower personnel. The basic responsibility of the Indian Army is to safeguard the territorial integrity of the country against external aggression. The recruitment to the Army is completely voluntary. The Army is involved in peacekeeping operations not only in India but all over the world through United Nations. Field marshal is the highest rank in the Indian Army applicable in case of emergency. Chief of Army Staff(COAS) is the person who heads the Indian Army. His rank is General. Indian Army has five regional commands at Lucknow, Calcutta, Udhampur, Chandimandir and Pune.

  • Indian Navy –More than 55,000 men and women serve the naval branch of the armed forces of India. That includes 5000 naval aviation personnel and 2000 marine commandos (MARCOS). The Indian Navy has many vessels the one being the aircraft carrier INS Viraat. It has three regional commands at Visakhapatnam, Mumbai and Kochi. The navy is headed by the chief of naval staff known as admiral.

  • Indian Air Force – The Indian Air Force is a modern force committed to excellence and professionalism. It has been given the responsibility of securing the Indian airspace. It has seven regional commands at New Delhi, Meghalaya, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Gujarat, Karnataka and Maharashtra.

Indian armed forces personnel are provided with highest bravery awards for the courage shown in and out the battlefield. The awards can be classified into:

  • Param vir Chakra - Param vir Chakra(PVC) is the India's highest military decoration awarded for the highest degree of valour or self-sacrifice in the presence of the enemy in the battlefield. In other terms, its awarded to the “bravest of the brave” and can be awarded posthumously.

  • Maha Vira Chakra - Maha Vira Chakra (MVC) is the second highest military decoration awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy on land, sea or in the air. MVC may be awarded posthumously.

  • Vira Chakra - Vira Chakra(VrC) is the third highest Indian gallantry award presented for acts of bravery in the battlefield.

  • Ashoka Chakra - Ashoka Chakra is awarded for the "most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent valour or self-sacrifice" other than in the battle. The award is given either to military or civilian personnel and may be awarded posthumously.

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