Saturday, September 25, 2010

Parliament of India

[caption id="attachment_686" align="alignright" width="343" caption="Sansad Bhavan or Parliament building of India."]Parliament of India[/caption]

The Parliament of India or Sansad Bhawan, located in New Delhi was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker, two British architects in 1912-13. The structure is circular and roof of the outer circle is supported by granite pillars.

The world’s largest democracy functions inside the Parliament. After the Constitution of India came into force on January 26, 1950, the first general elections were held during the year 1951-52 and the Parliament first came into existence in April, 1952.

The Indian Parliament consists of the President of India and the two houses. The bicameral Indian Parliament’s houses are the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha.

President – The President of India or Rashtrapati is the head of the state and supreme commander of the armed forces of India. Elected by the members of the Parliament and the state legislatures (Vidhan Sabhas), the President serves for a term of 5 years. The official residence of the President of India is located at New Delhi and its known as Rashtrapati Bhawan.

Lok Sabha – It is the lower house of the Parliament and is also known as the “House of the people”. The Lok Sabha can have up to 552 members directly elected by the people through elections held after every 5 years. The Lok Sabha can have upto 530 members from different states, up to 20 from the Union Territories and two members appointed by the President of India.

Rajya Sabha – It is the upper house of the Parliament and is also known as the “Council of states”. Members of the legislative bodies of states elect the members of the Rajya sabha. There are up to 250 members in the Rajya Sabha. The elections are held after every 2 years of which 12 members are appointed by the President of India.

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