National festivals of India primarily include Gandhi Jayanti, Independence Day, and Republic Day. These are the days when the whole nation of India come together to celebrate the joyous occasions through marc past, flag hoisting, distribution of sweets, processions etc. Functions are held in all important government offices, in the schools and colleges, and in almost every neighbourhood. The Indians proudly sing the national anthem and pay respect to the great nation with pledges that they will strive to make this nation a better place to live in.
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on the 2nd of October and commemorates the birth of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, famously known as the Father of the Nation. Mahatma Gandhi, as he is most popularly known, was born on the 2nd of October in the year 1869 at Porbandar in the state of Gujarat. Gandhiji played an invaluable role in the Indian Independence struggle. His motto was to fight through peaceful and non-violent means like non-cooperation and satyagraha. He is greatly honoured and revered for his revolutionary method of fighting.
Independence Day is celebrated on the 15th August every year remembering the day when India had attained her independence from the yoke of 200-year old British rule after a long struggle. This is the day of ultimate happiness and joy for the great nation of India as India had attained freedom from the long oppressive rule of the British on this day in the year 1947 after a hard and long struggle and sacrifice of a great many souls. In the more than 200 years of rule, India was exploited and Indians were treated as slaves. Many brave Indians such as Lokmanya Tilak, Mahatma Gandhi, Netaji Shubhash Chandra Bose, Bhagat Singh, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Motilal Neheru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Chandra Shekhar Azad, Sardar Vallabhai Patel, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Bipin Chandra Pal, Benoy basu, Badal Gupta, Dinesh Gupta, Bagha Jatin, Khudiram Bose, Surendranath Banerjee and many more have laid down their lives bravely in their effort to drive away the British from the country.
Republic Day is celebrated on the 26th January every year as a mark of remembrance of the day when in the same day way back in 1950 the Constitution of India came into force and had established the nation as a sovereign state. The feelings that are predominant in these days are feelings of patriotism. In the National Capital of Delhi, thousands of Indians assemble to celebrate this day at the Red Fort premises. The prime Minister of India gives a patriotic speech and marchpast is held along with colourful processions.