Thrissur Pooram – The Pooram of all Poorams is on 21st April, Sunday in the year 2013 and 9th May, Friday in the year 2014.
Thrissur Pooram is the biggest festival of Kerala. It is celebrated at the Vadakkunnathan Temple in Thekkinkadu Maidan in Thrissur town in the month of Medam (between April-May) as per the Malayalam calendar. The elegant march of large number of decorated (with nettippattam-decorative golden headdress) elephants and unique fireworks are the specialities of this festival. It is a globally recognised festival and the visual media telecast it as Thrissur Pooram Live. During the time of pooram, the media will be inundated with the images and videos of this festival.
It is considered that Sakthan Thampuran, the then ruler of Cochin, commenced this tradition in 1798. Till then, Arattupuzha festival was the biggest one and it was well attended by all the temples in Thrissur. However, the chief of Peruvanam Gramam denied the entry of the temples from Thrissur and Kuttanellur because of their late participation in religious rituals. Poignant by this denial, the Thrissur Naduvazhi and Kuttanellur Naduvazhi started the Thrissur Pooram. Due to infighting between these two, the pooram lost its charm very quickly but the timely intervention of Sakthan Thampuram helped the festival to regain its glory. Now the glory of the Thrissur Pooram is spread all over the world and each pooram festival is witnessing the increasing number of visitors to participate in this wonderful festivity directly.
Kerala celebrates most of the festivals that the rest of the country celebrates. But there are some very unique festivals of Kerala such as Onam, Vishu and Thiruvathirai that are celebrated with extra enthusiasm. The most famous festival of Kerala is Onam. It is a harvest festival that comes in the month of August when the country is at its greenest best and the rivers, lakes and ponds are full to the brim. There are spectacular snake boat races that attract millions of tourists from all over the world. People wear new dresses, prepare a lot of delicacies at home, spread flower mats in front of the houses, decorate their premises with beautiful coloured rangolis, and feast and dance for 10 long days.
The other major traditional festivals that are performed with gaiety and fervour are Chettikulangara Bharani, Machattu Mamamgam, Parumala Perunnal, Kalpathi Ratholsavam, Pulikali, Adoor Gajamela, Thaipooyam Mahotsavam Koorkancherry, Thaipooyam Mahotsavam Harippad, Arthunkal Perunnal, Kanjiramattom Nercha, Pattambi Nercha, Malanda Kettukazcha, Kodungalloor Bharani, Nenmara Vallangi Vela, Kottiyoor festival, and Manarcad Perunnai Kottayam.
Apart from this, Kerala also celebrates Pooram festivals (include Chinakkathoor Pooram Pariyanampetta Pooram, Uthralikkavu Pooram, and Thrissur Pooram), Boat races (Champakkulam Boat Race, Aranmula Boat Race¸ Payippad Boat Race And Nehru Trophy Boat Race), Patayani festivals (include Neelamperoor Pooram Padayani and Kadammanitta Patayani), Theyyam festivals (include Kanathoor Nalvar Bhoothashanam and Perumthitta Tharavad Kottamkuzhy) and various art festivals (such as Navarathri Sangeetholsavam).